Prostate cancer is a disease or a type of a cancer which only affects men. This type of cancer begins to grow in the prostate which is a gland in the male reproductive system. This gland is present directly under the bladder and in front of the rectum. Within the prostate, there are thousands of tiny glands present which all are responsible for producing a fluid that form a constituent of the semen. Prostate cancer cells start in the gland cells. Prostate cancer is a very slowly progressing disease and a lot of men who have the disease die even without knowing about its presence in the body. Some key facts associated with Prostate cancer are given as follows:
- It is a fact that many studies have indicated that about 80% of all the men in their eighties had this form of cancer when they died but didn’t know about it.
- While the initial symptoms of this disease are next to nil, however in the later stages, it can cause symptoms like blood in the urine, difficulty in urination, pain in the back, pelvis area and pain while urinating.
- Some of the factors that may lead to increase in the chances of prostate cancer are race, family history of the disease and older age.
- It is a fact that 99% of the cases of prostate cancer occur in those males who are above the age of 50.
- About 1.1 million cases of prostate cancer were recorded in the year 2012 which is about 8% of all the cases of new cancer.
- Prostate cancer is the 2nd most common cause of cancer and the 6th leasing cause of cancer deaths among men all around the world.
- It is expected that about 1.7 million new cases of prostate cancer and 499000 new deaths due to this cancer will be reported by the year 2030 worldwide.
- Prostate cancer is the 2nd leading type of cancer among Indian males and is more prevalent in major cities like Pune, Delhi and Kolkata. The incidence rate of this disease is 19095 in India while the mortality rate is 12231.
- The main forms of treatment for this disease include radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and medications.